UNDERSTANDING VARIOUS TYPES OF CARPET

various type of carpet

BUYER’S GUIDE: EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW

Breaking Down the Characteristics of Carpet

Carpet is inexpensive, easy to install, and comes in a wide range of colors, styles, and texture. If you are looking to buy new carpet, here is a guide to help you get started in selecting the right carpeting for your needs.

CONSTRUCTION OF CARPETS

There are two main types of carpets construction. Carpet construction is distinguished by how the carpet fibers are attached to their backing.

TYPE 1-Loop-Pile

Loop-pile means that the carpet fibers buckled into loops. Loop-piles are very durable, and usually, have a low profile with limited cushioning or multi-level-loops that demonstrate different loop heights that create patterns and textures. Loop piles are very popular today and last a long time in high-traffic areas.

Loop pile construction:

  • Multi-level loop: usually has two or three levels of rings that create a pattern that is casual and durable.
  • Cut-loop: combines both cut, and loop yarns, that provide a variety of texture that include squares, chevrons, and swirls that hide stains.

sample of loop-pile carpet​”To get the best performance and most enjoyment out of your carpet it’s essential to select a carpet fiber that fits your needs.”
–Carpet & Rug Institute(CRI)
​http://www.carpet-rug.org/carpet-and-rug-construction-home.html

TYPE 2-Cut-Pile

Cut-pile means the carpet fibers have cut tips. Cut-piles is usually denser, and softer. Cut piles have many different characteristics of the fibers can be smooth, twisted, tall, or thick cable fibers. All of which are comfortable underfoot, and depending on lengths creates texture. Cut pile is an excellent choice for high-traffic areas.

Cut pile construction:

Textured Plush: Is the most decoratively versatile because the texture hides marks from feet or the vacuum. Textured plush is a great “whole-house” carpet.
Saxony: Is a subtle surface that works well in traditional spaces, such as living or dining rooms.
Frieze: Is a twisted texture that has an informal look, but does minimize feet or vacuum marks.
Plush: is dense and feels luxurious, and is best for low traffic or formal areas, for it will show feet and vacuum marks.

typs of carpet stylesCARPET STYLES

Different types of carpet styles to consider:

Pattern: Carpet with a pattern has strands at varying lengths that range from subtle to bold and usually has a low profile, which offers a low-maintenance and durability for high-traffic areas.

Texture: Carpet with texture has long, crimped strands that offer a casual look. The tall profile of the strands provide more cushion and no footprint-like tracks, but if not treated is harder to maintain.

Frieze: Carpet with a roughness that has long crimped and twisted strands. Its varying surface offers comfort and creates dimension for visual interest, but it not treated can be harder to maintain.
Picture

Table of Carpet Types

Type of Carpet
Style
Pros
Cons
Uses
Loop Plie
Level Loop
Wears well since the tips of fabric not exposed
Challenging to hide seams
High traffic areas. Berbers and other casual styles.
” “
Multi-level
Wears well, texture helps hide wear & dirt
” “
” “
Cut-Pile
Velvet Plush
Feels soft, smooth level surface
Less durable than loop pile, shows dirt and footprints
Low traffic, formal sitting
” “
Saxony
Smooth, dense surface. Twisted fibers mean added resilience
Less durable than loop piles
Medium-traffic areas. Less formal.
” “
Frieze
Textured w/ highly twisted tufts adds resilience
Curly textured surface less smooth, plush
High-traffic areas, informal areas
Cut-Loop
Cut-Loop
Islands of high cut loops and low uncut tufts create sculpted pattern that hides wear and dirt
Uneven surface, less plush than cut piles
Family rooms, stairways, other high-traffic areas, informal settings

carpetFIBERS

There are many different types of carpet fibers that not only affect its appearance, but it ability to be durable throughout all your needs.

Here are a few fibers you should consider:
Nylon: Is very popular, for it is durable, resistant to wear. It does require a stain-resistant treatment, for it doesn’t have that ability naturally.

Olefin: is resistant to moisture, mold, and mildew, not as comfortable as nylon but more suitable for outdoor, or damp basements.

Acrylic: is often an inexpensive alternative to wool fibers.

Wool: Is the only natural fiber that is made into carpeting, making it a premier choice that is naturally durable, stain-resistant, and eco-friendly.

QUALITY

Many manufacturers will declare their carpets to be higher quality fibers, know that there is no universal grading system for carpet quality.

​Instead regard your carpet quality based on weight, and density.

  • The weight indicated how many fibers are present. The more weight, the more strands, the better quality of carpet.
  • Density shows how many fibers are in a pile, and how tightly they are bound together. Hint: the denser, the better, you don’t want to feel the carpet backing.

​TECHNOLOGY

Some carpets may look that same; however, it is the technology on the carpeting that makes a difference.

  • Stain Resistant: Soil and stain resistant technology make any dirt or grime in the carpet fibers simple to remove because the protective technology reduced the fibers ability to absorb liquids, and therefore prevents staining.
  • Anti-static: anti-static technology contains a carbon compound that deflects static shock for the life of the carpet.

CarpetDesign

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